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Home > Culture > Monasteries > Monasteries outside Serbia > Monastery HILANDAR
Monastery HILANDAR Srpski
Builder: Stefan Nemanja, King Milutin
Built: XII century, XIV century

Peninsula Ahtos on Chalcidice in Greece was a monastic center since X century and it is often called Holy Mountain. Today there are twenty monasteries on Athos under the jurisdiction of Patriarchate of Constantinople. Among these monasteries is Serbian monastery Chilandar, founded by Simeon and Sava Nemanjić in late XII century, renovated by king Milutin in the beginning of XIV century. Hilandar was one of the most important cultural and spiritual centers of medieval Serbia, and mediator between Srebia and Byzantium.

Monastery Hilandar was founded in a place of earlier monastery Helandrion, founded by distinguished monk Georgius Helandarius in X century, but it was deserted in XII century. When Stefan Nemanja became monk he went to Mount Athos and lived with his son Sava in Greek monastery Vatoped. Nemanja and Sava wanted to found a Serbian monastery on Holy Mountain so they asked for a permission from Byzantine emperor Alexios III Angelos to rebuild the monastery Helandrion. The emperor gave them the permission in 1198. when the rebuilding started. We don’t know how the church looked because king Milutin brought down the old church and built a new one. We know that this old church was dedicated to Presentation of Virgin, and that the tower and dormitory were built. Many rulers from Nemanjić dynasty took care of Hilandar. In monastery worked Domentian, writer of Saint Sava biography, and he also wrote biography of Simeon Nemanja in Hilandar. Monastery also had workshops for copying and icon painting.

In the beginning of XIV century king Milutin decided to rebuild this church and with the permission of emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos he brought down the old one and built a new church, and also massive monastery walls, towers, refectory and cemetery church. Main monastery church has base of inscribed cross in combination with trefoil and it has one dome above central nave. On the west is nartex with two domes. It was built in combination of stone and bricks, and its decorate with cordon cornice. Main ispiration for the builders was the main church of monastery Vatoped.

The church was painted from 1318. until 1320. and main artist was one of the best contemporary byzantine painters Georgius Kaliergis. Original paining was not saved because it was repainted in XIX century but it fallowed the original disposition of the frescoes.

The outer nartex was built in 1380. by prince Lazar for the needs of liturgical ceremonies, in the same style as Milutins nartex, but with one dome.

Greatest treasure in monastery archive are the icons like the mosaic icon of Virgin Hodegetria from XII century, Chist Pantokrator and Virgin with Child from the second half of XIII century, and group of ten icons from the iconostasis from 1360, Virgin and Saint John from Deesis, archangel Michael and archangel Gabriel and the apostles, painted in highest monumental Byzantine style originating from the capital. In the treasury is also over thousand manuscripts from XII until XIX century, and famous Miroslavs Gospel was kept there until the monks gave it to the king Aleksandar Obrenović in 1896.

The great collection of Hilandar treasury is important historical, cultural and artistic testimony, not only for Serbian culture but also for many Balkan cultures.

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Your comments:
Pomaze Bog.Molila bih vas da mi kazete kako da dodjemo do grozdja cudotvorne loze?Puno vam hvala unaprijed.
(, 20/09/2013 14:16)
UDRUŽENJE SVETOGORACA SVETI SAVA REPUBLIKE SRPSKE BANJA LUKA МАНАСТИРУ ХИЛАНДАР СВЕТА ГОРА АТОСКА ГОСПОДИНУ – ОЦУ СИМЕОНУ Поштовани и драги оче СИМЕОНЕ, Група од 20 особа-вијерника из Бања Луке жели да посјети Манастир ХИЛАНДАР са једним ноћењем у времену: 2013.год. Било би нам валико задовољства да нам уприличите и дате БЛАГОСЛОВ да ходочастимо у слободном термину друга половина марта или у априлумјесеца. Списак вијерника-ходочасника доставит ћемо Вам на вријеме 15 дана прије доласка групе. Велико Вам хвала драги Оче СИМЕОНЕ. КОНТАКТ ТЕЛ. 00387 65512610 БРАНКО или на меил адресу ug.svetogoraca@gmail.com Бања Лука 16.012.2012.год. удружење светогораца Бранко Туцикешић предсједник
(, 16/12/2012 08:39)
Pomaze Bog, molila bih Vas najponiznije za savet u vezi poroda i cudotvorne loze. Koja molitva, i kako da se ostvarim kao majka putem nase vere, ljubavi prema Gospodu i istinskom zeljom da se uslisi. Unapred zahvalna i svako dobro!
(, 23/08/2012 21:35)
molim vas da nam pomognete da dodjemo do grozdja cudotvorne loze unapred zahvalni
(, 23/08/2012 18:26)
Pomoz Bog!Molila bih vas,kao i mnogi pre mene sto su,da mi date informacije:kako da nabavim sivo grozdje,od cudotvorne loze?Treba mi za prijatelje,koji nemaju djece.Hvala puno unaprijed i neka nas Bog dragi sviju cuva.
(, 07/02/2012 21:22)
Na sajtu Svete Gore,manastira Hilandar pise da se ljudi iz celog sveta mogu pismeno njima obratiti za cuvenu lozu pa je oni salju,molila bih vas za adresu.Unapred zahvalni
(, 29/06/2011 20:33)
Na sajtu Svete Gore,manastira Hilandar pise da se ljudi iz celog sveta mogu pismeno njima obratiti za cuvenu lozu pa je oni salju,molila bih vas za adresu.Unapred zahvalni
(, 29/06/2011 20:33)
Moj sin Vuk Lazar sada ima godinu dana.Sa sedam dana života operisana mu je srčana aorta(na Lazarevu Subotu),na Veliku Gospojinu rađena mu je kateterizacija srca.Molimo vas za kontakt telefon ili adresu. Nama su potrebne molitve za zdravlje za našeg sina.Bog vas blagoslovio,hvala vam. 061/60-51-164,061/71-21-403,023/877-067
(zvezdan margić, 15/04/2011 10:04)
POMAZE BOG,BLAGOSLOVITE,JAVLJAM SE IZ SVEDSKE UZ MOLBU DA MI POSALJETE BROJ TELEFONA DA VAS MOGU ZVATI ILI ADRESU DA VAM MOGU PISATI.SVAK DOBRO OD GOSPODA
(Jagodinka kevo, 31/12/2010 20:53)
pomaze bog....treba mi informacija...nalazim se trnutno u turskoj..hteo bih da krstim sina od tri godine na hilendaru..dali je to moguce, kome da se obratim,koja je procedura....hvala svima na pomoci...poz
(vlada russ, 16/08/2010 18:41)
SLAVA BOGU GOSPODU -OCU I SINU I SVETOME DUHU I NJINJE I PRISNO I VO VJEKI VJEKOV AMIN RADUJ SE BOGORODICE DJEVO GOSPOD JE S TOBOM SLAVIMO TE SVI SA SVETIM OCEM SAVOM
(Bojovic Dragan, 16/10/2008 17:15)
mnogo sam cuo i mnoge clankove procitao o svetoj gori i hilandaru pa mi je zato jedina i poslednja zelja stici na svetu goru i tamo ostati do kraja zivota kao iskusenik a kasnije i kao monah moli bih za savet uz bozju pomoc i dobre pravoslavce unapred zahvalan bog vas blagoslovio
(jovan milo0jkovic, 20/06/2008 15:54)

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